Exposé of Dr Zoran Djindjic
Datum: 
24.01.2001
Period: 
Premijer 2001–2003.

Mandate holder for the Republic of Serbia Government

Election of the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and RS Government Members, Belgrade

Ladies and gentlemen members of Parliament,

In democratic countries, the program for Government normally derives from election program of the political group that won the trust of the citizens. We aim to establish democratic relationships in Serbia and to that end, we consider it reasonable enough that the program with which the Democratic Opposition of Serbia gained the two-thirds majority at former elections, most of whom constitute this assembly, be the one to represent the program of this Government.

During the break, we will distribute it to the MPs along with this Expose, bearing in mind that anything written in that election manifesto indeed is considered as our obligation during the term of office entrusted to us.

Of course, as prescribed by the common law, I will deliver a summary of such manifesto in the form of a brief expose here today, that will present the planned activities of our Government in the future period. Anything that I present today will also constitute an obligation of our future democratic government.

Before that, I would like to congratulate you for being elected MPs. I share the excitement about this Parliament and today’s session, that you and our citizens feel at this moment, which is rather justifying considering that this is the first time after 60 years that Serbia gained a truly democratic Parliament and is about to get the truly democratic government.

Indeed, this is our great pleasure and honour but also a huge responsibility – knowing that the situation we find requires reforms, as being dramatically bad. According to any applicable indicators, we are the last country in Europe today. We are far from what we wish to accomplish and what we perceive to be a modern and efficient Serbian state in terms of living standards and purchase power of our citizens, employment rate, state and outdatedness of our technologies and transportation, foreign debts of our companies, including debts to the banks, overall national debt, level of security in our homes, houses, at the borders. What is more, this is not even Serbia in which we grew up, Serbia of our parents which used to offer steady jobs, where we used to do shopping, go for summer and winter holidays and when our schoolyards, streets and borders were safe. The task we are now taking upon ourselves as a heritage of the past ten years seems to be quite difficult; the challenges are overwhelming, but so is our chance to get ourselves in the history as the generation that managed to get a country back on the right track and such opportunity is colossal. To achieve this, we need the cooperation of entire Parliament and the whole country.

Inevitably, of course, a question is raised about what had happened meanwhile, to have such a medium developed European country become the last one on the European list. The adequate answer and full reply to such question may only be provided by History. This is not the place where we should deal with analyses and discuss historic and political responsibilities. What I may say in that respect, and I believe you share my opinion, is that it is not the citizens who should be blamed for what we have now, but the government. The citizens have always been and still are, ready to make this country more successful, rich and fortunate. What our country missed during all these years was a clear political will to act accordingly and a clear strategy and a plan to achieve such goals.

During the past ten years, Serbia was left at the mercy of brutal interest group in the country and international interests outside our country. We are now past those times and today, we may say that it is over. After October 5th, Serbia took its destiny into its own hands. What we are doing today, to constitute the democratic Government may symbolically represent October 6th. Today, this Government is being given a mandate entrusted to us by the people on Serbian streets, the mandate for changes. As soon as we forget that this mandate was given to us and begin to believe that we got the mandate to rule, we will have lost it. Such loss would mean much more than just the loss of the Government. That would be the loss of honour, and the loss of history.

For such reason, we will remember each and every day of this Government. We have been chosen to carry out reforms, and such reforms imply several key priorities, some crucial requirements we need to meet, so as to regain credibility, dignity and power for this country and to help restore peace, wellbeing and happiness in our country. Unfortunately, several of such priorities do not only depend on us. We found them as they are and we should resolve them.

The first one refers to the political stability of the region, implying three elements. The democratic way of resolving the relationship between Serbia and Montenegro, resolving the crisis with terrorism in Southern Serbia, finding the right model for regional cooperation in the region, first of with neighbours from former Yugoslavia.

Another precondition is having stabile democratic institutions in Serbia. We have to establish an independent judiciary, modern state administration, efficient system of public agencies and services, to enable our citizens accomplish their interests and to reassure those who wish to invest in our country that their investments are safe.

The third precondition is having a solid legislation, primarily in the field of business.

The fourth precondition is the quality transportation infrastructure, to enable safe and fast travelling in our country, providing for swift shipping of goods.

Finally, the fifth precondition for any development of our country is the qualified labour force and superior management in our companies and economy.

I am presenting to you these conditions, which seem quite difficult, fully aware of their seriousness but with full trust that in the course of this four-year term of office they may and will be achieved. We should be the government which will, following the expiration of its term of office, leave another government with the country that is in the midst of its development, construction, prosperity.

Let me give just several brief suggestions regarding the above points. Eventually, the Democratic Opposition of Serbia giving the mandate and tasks to this Government, has clear answers to any questions. We tell our colleagues in Montenegro that we should to go on and select solutions that bear the least risks. Let us focus on priority issues such as reconstruction, economy and return of our country to lost European integrations. Let us not deal with ourselves, let us deal with the future.

We therefore propose to have all the opened issues regarding the relations between Serbia and Montenegro resolved by way of reforming of already existing Yugoslav country. That is our fair offer. I hope they will accept it. I believe that it is more honourable to enter into history as the generation which brought the Balkans to the epoch of prosperity and peace, and permanently resolved the issue of its European membership, than be remembered as politicians who ensured sovereignty or international recognition for their country. There will be times to satisfy one’s vanity. Now, it is time to resolve crucial historical problems of this region. We are capable of achieving this together. We are ready to present to our colleagues in Montenegro, including any other people of the Balkan countries who are willing to participate, the common concept of the peaceful and prosperous future.

We tell Albanians from Kosovo that the circumstances have changed. Today, any economic or human interests may be achieved in cooperation with Serbia and through Serbia only, as we have become the driving force of future development. Serbia is taking the role of an engine of the Balkans, again. Until recently, any politics against Serbia could be imposed, whilst today, any politics may be imposed in the Balkans only through cooperation with Serbia.

We are ready to cooperate with people of moderate political orientation, who rejected extremism and are ready for dialogue. Those who put their human and family interests above the overrated national interests and national mythologies.

Our solutions for Southern Serbia are well-known. We intend to offer to Albanians of moderate political orientation the integration into social and political system of Serbia, and decisively combat terrorism and extremism as any other democratic state would. There is no compromise with terrorists. On the other hand, there is one with those who wish to live in our country and we are ready to offer our hand and expect a positive response. We are fully aware of the fact that the safety and stability of the region predominantly depends on relationships established within Serbia. Our negotiation position too, and our political position would be much stronger, if Serbian institutions, the state of Serbia and Serbian authorities acted in the manner which evoked admiration, and created the feeling that cooperation with us would be an honour, whilst confronting us could be risky. Reaching that point requires a number of reforms of our state, society and economy.

We are facing two crucial problems, One is the growing poverty among the population and devastated economy. Another is the problem of having our society polarized as one big and poor minority and a small over wealthy majority. Such polarization undermines the stability of our nation and our state. The institutions enjoy no trust, given that in the past, they used to represent the tools of the privileged and the rich. We should not fool ourselves. Today, people grew suspicious towards politicians and the politics. They do not trust institutions, which is not necessarily related to previous government, or particular group of people.

Our crucial task is to restore the credibility of institutions, to make the word ’government’ become an affirmative word in Serbian language and that the politicians become preferred profession in Serbia once again. This will not be easy, but the first thing to do beforehand, will be to confront the past and establish the consequences of actions taken by the former government, which discredited all state institutions, Parliament, judiciary and the government, state media and anything that it disposed with at the time.

Therefore, one of the first priorities of our government and the Parliament as a whole is to settle accounts with the past, including the most serious criminal deeds: assassinations made for political reasons. We have undertaken responsibility and we are firmly committed to fulfil it, to solve the murder of Slavko Ćuruvija, assassination at Ibarska highway, abduction of Ivan Stambolić and other assassinations committed in our country, that have obviously been politically motivated. The wire-pullers and assassinators have to face justice. At the next session, we will form a parliamentary committee, to investigate possible and unfortunately probable involvement of some state authorities in those serious crimes. This Parliament will decide about the modality of reforms in such authorities, in particular the State Security Agency, in order to prevent such cases in the future.
Moreover, others who should face justice in this state are those who tried to force their fake patriotism by committing serious criminal acts against humanity, civilians, by killing children and women. They tarnished the image of Serbian people. We do not want to share collective guilt for this if there is evidence on individual, personal responsibility, all those cases will be brought to justice before our courts and will be sanctioned.

However, during the past ten years, an economic crime was committed, just as well. Millions of people were ripped off and deprived of their money. Someone would say that the word crime is too harsh in this context, but I do not agree. Who knows how many chronicle patients died because they could not afford to buy medicines, while their earned money was kept frozen on the so-called foreign currency savings accounts. How many marriages broke or had never even been entered into due to the misery and poverty, how many families had fallen apart, and how many children had lived sad lives due to strenuous living conditions which could never be blamed on the citizens, but which instead were induced by the criminal economic policy created so to ensure that the majority has everything, while the majority has nothing.

We have to face that fact. When speaking of settling accounts with the past, we should be prepared to confront the powerful financial interest groups apt to changing places so easily, who had never taken high positions in their parties, but used to back them and today, are ready to stand behind any of us. We must not allow that. Our obligation to the robbed people is to announce the truth about who had benefitted during the past ten years of sanctions, blockades and economic devastation.

We will give our proposal to the Parliament: this topic is sensitive and is not far from the well-known legal system, with examples from the past in evidence that the same had been done before; we will propose to the Parliament several such measures and laws that should impose sanctions to financial and other forms of abuse, including the cases of benefiting from sanctions and blockades and gaining disproportionate wealth. Our intention is to thoroughly study practices in other countries and find a way to impose sanctions for financial and other offences conducted in the past, within the framework of legislation and the legal system. We will propose to the Parliament several similar measures and laws that should penalize financial and other forms of abuse, including the cases of using the sanctions and blockades for unrestricted gaining of wealth.

We are considering the possibility of levying a one-off extra profit tax for the profit gained under the circumstances of imposed sanctions and the blockade. Such circumstances include, among other, obtaining the credit from the first issue during hyperinflation, purchase of foreign currency from the National Bank at the exchange rate that is considerably lower than the actual one, using of monopoly, being exempt from the payment of taxes and customs duties. Also, we are considering the possibility to impose taxes on apartments and villas provided to officials for their use. The same officials used to buy them out only two or three months after being moved in, although they had been working as Ministers for less than a year, thus eventually becoming owners of real estate worth 100, 200 or 300 thousand DEM. I find it logical and just enough that the major part of the amount is returned to the citizens. To prove how serious we are in this, we will abolish the possibility of buying the flats provided to officials for a temporary use. I hope that this Parliament will unanimously adopt the decision that a person whose term of office as an official lasted one, two, three or four years, is not allowed to claim property over it, since this opportunity is not given even to people who have been working hard for 30, 40 years, as physicians, engineers, farmers, craftsmen. This Parliament and this Government have to share the destiny of their people, primarily when it comes to finance. We will not organize a witch-hunt, but neither will we allow the financial clan of the old regime to permanently keep the money robbed from the people.

Of course, in parallel, we will start a resolute combat against organized crime affecting our society, first of all through abductions, racketeering, trading in narcotics, smuggling of oil and cigarettes, car hijacking. Indeed our dealing with crime from the past will be true and obtain general support only if we prove our decisiveness to introduce the governmental control in the institutional mechanisms that would prevent such incidents in the future. We are sincerely firm in our intention to have this mandate of the Parliament enter the history of Serbian people with its vast package of laws that will incorporate the control mechanisms into society institutions, to include mechanisms to control the government, state administrations, financial operations of all the state agencies, public enterprises. In all the domains where something is being bought and something is being sold, the Parliament will be involved through its committees, and the independent credible institutions and institutes will also be involved. We will rely on practices of all the countries that had undergone transition, those that are known worldwide for their combating corruption and abuse in state administration, and implement all those practices into our institutions.

We wish to start a true campaign to have ’clean hands’ and make Serbia become the country with the lowest rate of corruption in this part of Europe in two or three years. At the moment, we are among the most corrupted countries in the world. This is a huge task, an enormous responsibility and takes determination, it requires your support. The control will start by the public abolishment of privileges to officials, meaning the Ministries. As I said before, there will be no more buying out of apartments, no more private businesses while you are in the Government, no memberships in well paid Managing Boards for members of the Government, no receiving of expensive gifts. Also, there will be no intervening in courts, on television, with the police, financial audit, companies and customs. Any minister who makes a call and intervenes on any matter – such as: ‘my son was arrested or detained because he drove in a drunken state, please I am the Minister, or he is my relative’, etc., will be expelled from the Government.

I guarantee to you, the Minister who calls RTS telling them to broadcast this or not to broadcast that, has no place in the Government. I am now addressing the citizens of our country. Any judge that receives such call, any director that receives such call is to contact the Serbian Government, and the issue will be included in its agenda. If we determine that the allegations are true, he/she will be replaced.

In the next session already, we will propose to the Parliament to change the Law on privileges of officials. You know that this law has been passed two years ago and that it was supposed to provide for Serbian officials for as long as they live. No one can be provided for until the end of his/her life as an official a political official of this country. An article of the current law specifies that the Minister of Interior is responsible for determining the number of drivers, room maids, cooks, members of security should be allocated to a former Serbian president. Such privileges will be clearly defined in the law, and they will correspond to those applied in any other democratic state. The retired president of the state is a retired person. He/she cannot enjoy privileges of a president for life.

Ladies and gentleman, the privatization of our economy is waiting for us. It is therefore essential to introduce a number of independent control mechanisms, form the parliamentary committees that would supervise financial operations and report about their correctness. Our objective is to have a transparent Government, as transparent as the glass. We aim to make sure that each and every dinar taken from the citizens of this country is monitored, from the moment it enters the budget, until it reaches its end user. The finance is the area where it is most difficult to exercise control, but exactly where the control is most required. We plan to involve the entire society and all its institutions in the control of financial transactions to be carried out during the transition period.

We will propose to the Parliament another new institution, originating from Scandinavian countries. This is the institution of a national solicitor, the so-called Ombudsman. It will be a powerful institution, with the credibility and integrity, where the citizens will be able to address their complaints about the public service, i.e. the Government, its offices and civil servants. If you happen to vote for such institution, the Ombudsman will probably once in a month, be entitled to present to the Parliament the report on the status of the state administration and any complaints filed by the citizens. He will be empowered to instigate proceedings with regular and special courts. He will represent the place where the citizens will be able to refer to in order to protect themselves from the autocracy of the state, having in mind that a democratic party too may overstep its powers in such a transitory phase, through some of its civil servants. The citizens are entitled to protection and we will encourage them to seek for it.

What is most important, we will establish the independent judiciary system and together with independent media which we already have in our country, such independent judiciary system will represent a strong pillar for the control of the government. Dealing with abuses made by the former regime, introduction of mechanisms for the control of this Government, represent the framework within which we may start our economic reforms. I am referring to the processes that have been planned to run simultaneously, given that economic reforms cannot wait. We have to launch them now. We have certain ideas in that respect and in course of preparations of the program for election campaign; we presented ideas about the course of our pending economy reforms. In any case, it was due to such ideas that we gained such enormous trust of our citizens.

Of course, in economy we face the highest deficit and this is where moving things from the standstill is the most difficult. This is the area where not everything depends on will and decisiveness. There is an issue of material technology, the issue of financial liabilities, the issue of heavy burden of heritage. Nevertheless, let me warn you of one thing, and that is, whilst dealing with urgent daily issues, one must not lose vision, or lose sight of the economic society development plan.

What kind of Serbia do we want to have? That is certainly not Serbia that survives or deals with daily problems, offering enough food, electricity, medicine. That is the country which should rely on a strong idea and a single concept. In our opinion, Serbia should be the country of powerful middle class, financially stabile, independent families, solid education, good craftsmanship, fine professions, stabile pension insurance, good schooling system, free primary and secondary school education of such a quality that our children attending such schools have the same level of knowledge as their fellow students in Europe or America. Finally, the country of safe, secure streets, where you may send your child to discos, without someone offering him/her drugs, at the entrance of the disco. The country of non-corrupted police, and fast judiciary system. If you want to enforce you right in court, not to wait for ten years but to have your problem solved by the court. That is Serbia we want, and we must work in parallel with constant daily efforts to solve problems, but also by stubborn chasing of the vision and creating its new assumptions. Investments will come to our country, without a doubt. The financial status of the population will undoubtedly improve. However, we should ask ourselves why we have any investments, what motivates the people to put their money into our country. People invest either in entities having rather low labour costs or where the terms are predominantly fixed, with small earnings, but for a longer-term period.

The question is whether we want to be the country offering cheep labour force, to represent a form of labour suburbs of Europe, thus giving opportunities for getting fast income at high risks, or we should be the country of highly qualified labour force, a country where such labour force has been paid more adequately, though lower than in middle and west Europe, but much more than in other countries of East Europe, the country that attracts investment by its stability, profound laws and its institutions. We have opted for the second situation. Today already, in the midst of our creating the national development plan, we decided that we may be the country of highly qualified labour force, good company management, reliable contracts, good judiciary system and good laws.

That is the reform package we suggest as the Government, in the part relating to economic policy. Surely, on our path to such strategic goal, we need to resolve some other hot issues, one of the most serious being unemployment and low living standards. According to official results in Serbia, approximately 2.2 million citizens are employed, about 820.000 are officially registered as unemployed , which accounts for approximate unemployment rate of 27% . The largest in Europe. However, the structure of employed persons is not perfect, since about 500.000 persons officially registered as employed, work in enterprises that have permanently become insolvent and that 500.000 persons are conditionally employed. That accounts for another 15 % with which we reach over 40% of unemployed persons. But out of the total number of employed persons receiving salaries, 400.000 of them have been financed from the budget. This actually means that those persons who work in production organizations, creating added value, represent one third of the persons employed in Serbia.

That is the most serious problem of this Government and the biggest challenge for any government of similar countries. The success of this government will be primarily measured by its ability to solve the problem of unemployment, in two ways. Firstly, by company restructuring, accompanied by restructuring of labour force, so that the 2.2 million employed persons are gradually turned into individuals working on high quality work posts.

To be transferred from fictitious ones to real ones. We need to solve the problem of the budget to ensure that it may regularly finance the existing 1.3 million pensions, which is the obligation of this Government. Surely, it is not enough just to restructure the employed population, new work posts have to be opened as well. That entails the renewal of technologies and new qualification structure of labour force in our country. Again, this requires big investments, particularly those believed to be the most reasonable ones, into human resources, the human capital, thus giving the opportunity to young ambitious persons in the country, but also to those who have energy to do something in their lives.

Also, our main concern and the second biggest test is the living standard and purchasing power of our population. The official statistics show that today, a family of four members can hardly afford to cover 70% of a consumer basket value, out of the average salary. Our promise and objective is to have a four member family be able to buy at least one whole consumer basket by the end of 2001. We expect big investments from abroad, in the field of agriculture, transportation infrastructure and energy. I believe that by the end of next year, we will be among the food exporters again, instead of being food importer, and that we may promise that there will be no energy restrictions, considering that during this year, we plan to introduce the general reconstruction of our electric power industry, for the first time during the past 10 years. We will provide significant loans to small and medium enterprises. Currently, we have been negotiating with the European Bank for Development, European Community and conducting bilateral discussions with several European countries ready to offer considerable funds to provide credits for private economic operators, in particular, small and medium enterprises.

Our economic strategy is and must be to attract large investments. After ten years of downfall, Serbia will not do with just a gradual development. A development that would only exceed a linear projection of normal growth. We need a New Deal, we require big investments into basic infrastructure in the country, to renew technology and encourage production, to create a solid basis for the future. That should require a package of laws, I will explain in just a couple of sentences, that represents the package of shares of this Government. First of all, we will clearly determine the status of finance, property, liabilities and rights in Serbia. In order to see who owes to whom, on what grounds and how may such debts be settled. We will propose a draft law on returning the seized property, whereby we will at least partially indemnify the persons whose property had been confiscated for ideological reasons. We will not be able to return such property, but we may ensure partial compensation through interests, shareholding in companies that may have been developed from their firms, by some adequate trading for flats and houses seized from them, or in any other way. That is our responsibility.

We are not able to build new law on old injustice. We expect from the Federal Government to pass appropriate regulations and annul the corresponding regulations from 1945. Also, we expect from the Federal Government to organize official return to the family Karađorđević their citizenship that was taken from them in 1945. Frankly speaking, we expect that this famous Serbian family returns to their home in Beli Dvor. Secondly, we will carry out financial unblocking of economy by turning mutual liabilities into co-ownership, reschedule them or ensure that they are offset. Thirdly, we will establish a clear ownership structure by implementing the Law on Privatization and by amendments made to the existing privatization legislation. Thus, the management structure in our companies will change. The existing directors are indeed the people having no obligations, but enjoying all the rights; they keep destroying our economy: they may invest somebody else funds which if lost is not their concern since they do not own it.

The owners will be held responsible for their property and wrong investment decisions, in connection to which they will be accountable by their own money, and not the money belonging to citizens..

Fourthly, we will complete the legislation that enables smooth business operations according to EC standards. We want to adjust to EC and its legislation to create conditions for our becoming an EU member, in maximum 10 years.

Fifthly, we will establish the new tax policy. The next budget already will have the revenue from payroll taxes and contributions reduced. We will simplify the tax system, while the missing funds will be made up for by a strict control of trade and circulation of oil products, cigarettes, alcoholic beverages and other excise goods.

In any aspect, my dear colleagues, this is the Government that will introduce big ideas and huge reforms. It is constituted of two parts. One includes the team for strategy and priorities, to supervise reforms, develop them and communicate to the public, and those are the leaders of parties under the Democratic Opposition of Serbia, mainly holding positions of deputy PMs.

The second part of the Government are the experts, persons who gained their knowledge primarily through practise, and only partially relying of their theoretical knowledge. Some of them have successful careers in the biggest world companies. They arrived here to support their country, but also to be entered in the list of founders of democratic Serbia.

Before I mention their names, I would like to give a brief comment about the structure of the Ministries. Some of the Ministries have been merged, as you may have already noticed two days ago, while some of them were rearranged or transformed into secretariats and agencies.

The Ministry of Information was abolished as unnecessary, since there is no censorship in the democratic Serbia. The registration of magazines may be completed in the Ministry of Justice. Those who are legally eligible for this will receive the application. It is not upon the minister to provide arbitrage on what should Serbian Media do.

The Ministry of Family Care was logically enough added to the Ministry of Social Policy, since the Serbian state should interfere only in the families having problems of primarily social nature. The state should not interfere in families capable of coping with their problems without the state. We are liberal and democratic state.

There are several institutions dealing with Diaspora. We do not need the ministry. There were special reactions to the future of ecology and sports in this Government. The intention of the government was to form the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection. That will be a serious ministry which will not merely measure the air pollution and consequences of ecological disasters, but also, plan the natural resources of this country, such as water, ecological systems and forests.

Unfortunately, the situation is such that one part of the responsibilities of that Ministry has been included under the responsibility of the Ministry of agriculture, health and urban planning. It will take some time to define the real competencies of the new Ministry. We plan to propose to the Parliament the introduction of such Ministry, within the next six months.

When it comes to the Ministry of Sports, there is the Federal Ministry of Sports, including professional and amateur sports. The part dealing with physical culture is under the competence of the Ministry of Education, while the commercial sport is under the responsibility of their own clubs and fans.

I do not see the reason why there should be a republic ministry of sports. We have had enough politicians sitting in their Managing Boards and special grandstands. I believe we are past those times. Anyone feeling nostalgic about that may buy the tickets and watch games together with other fans.

We have had a lot of complaints to such structure of ministries. In my opinion, even the revised government has too many ministries. The trend should be to cut the number of ministries in the future and try to release the Government from the burden of a part of the jobs that may be carried out by other organizations in our society, the same as it has been done in other modern countries.

Those who feel nostalgic about the ministries should tell us who is to pay for the ministries and where are we to find the money, and if the number of ministries needs to be cut, which out of the 24 should be abolished. By introducing the restructuring process for the ministries, we tried to point to the direction of reforms and state administration. Our goal is to have the state administration in Serbia revised in two or three years from now, to further reduce the number of ministries and meanwhile to set the system of Agencies that would perform specific jobs that would be partially independent, following the pattern of some Scandinavian countries’ best practices.

Let me present the work histories, the basic information about the MPs, to begin with the Deputy PM: Žarko Korać, Nebojša Čović, Dušan Mihajlović, Jožef Kasa, Momčilo Perišić, Aleksandar Pravdić, Vuk Obradović.

Ministers: Božidar Đelić, Goran Novaković, Vojislav Milovanović, Goran Pitić, Aleksandar Vlahović, Marija Rašeta-Vukosavljević, Gašo Knežević, Gordana Matković, Dragan Domazet, Dragoslav Šumarac, Obren Joksimović, Branislav Lečić, Vladan Batić, Dragan Milovanović, Dragan Veselinov, Slobodan Milosavljević.

Dear ladies and gentlemen, that would be the program of our Government and those were the people that should carry it out. The least we can promise given the circumstances is that this government will exercise speed, efficiency and democratic transparency.

We will promptly respond to any problem, provide trueful information and propose solutions; also, what is most important, we will not lie or steal. We commit ourselves to that before you here and now.

Truely, we have no magic wand to do it. We rely on ourselves, our knowledge and energy, and the energy of Serbian citizens. With the support of this Parliament, and the support of Serbian people, I am sure that we will achieve our goals and what I disclosed